Archive for the ‘news’ Category

Guardian response

October 28, 2010

Last week (21st October 2010) the following article “Could barbecues help fight climate change? was published in the Guardian newspaper. Here is our response:

“It is interesting to see the potential for biochar production in the USA although the scale of this is probably relatively insignificant. The production of charcoal is not large in developed countries compared to other fuels, for example in the UK it is 5000 tones per year. Assuming that 80% is C, then that is 0.8 x 5000 = 4000 tonnes C. That compares with an annual emission of c. 165 MTC or 0.0024%. However we do see this technology as having particular relevance, and at a much larger scale in developing countries. Biomass is used as a fuel (for cooking or heating) by over 2.4bn people, the majority in developing regions.

One other issue which is confusing in this article is the comparison of the heat from the production of biochar with burning charcoal, which is likely to be very different – burning the biochar its self is a more comparable heat source.

Biochar can be produced by a variety of technologies from large-scale industrial processes to charring kilns, but biochar production in cook stoves in developing regions, has received special attention for several reasons:
* Stoves can use waste biomass, which can not be burned well in many traditional stove designs.
* It reduces dependency on buying or making charcoal and increases self sufficiency – the biochar produced can also be used as a fuel in charcoal stoves, where required
* Indoor air pollution is reduced, because it is a more complete combustion process which provides benefits in particular for women and children who are typically present during cooking activities
* It is an efficient process, traditional stoves can use 3-6 times more fuel than gasification cook stoves
* The resultant biochar (around 25-30% conversion rate) can be used as a soil amendment, which can potentially create carbon finance

There are however risks and unknowns related to biochar production, the agricultural impacts, and the carbon storage potential, and these topics are currently being discussed in the e-workshop hosted on Hedon by the UK Biochar Research Centre and Appropriate Rural Technology Institue – India: http://www.hedon.info/BiocharUKBRC.”

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National Consultation on Biochar and Carbon Emission Reduction (INDIA)

October 25, 2010

*Organised by: Appropriate Rural Technology Institute (ARTI)*

ARTI India

*Supported by: UK Biochar Research Centre, University of Edinburgh, UK*
*The Society of Biochar Initiatives, India*

*Dates: November 22 & 23, 2010*

*Venue: Dr. Manibhai Desai Management Training Center, Bhartiya Agro
Industries Foundation, Dr. Manibhai Desai Nagar, National Highway No.4,
Warje, Pune 411 052. Ph: 020 25231661.*

*Funded by: Asia Pacific Network for Global Change Research*

Biochar is a material high in black carbon produced from the thermal
decomposition of biomass through heating in a low- or zero-oxygen
environment and at relatively low temperatures (<700oC) (Lehmann, 2009). Biochar has the potential to address the key challenges to achieving sustainable development: namely, carbon emissions reduction, sustainable agriculture and land-use and waste management. Defining the circumstances and conditions in which biochar meets (or fails to meet) its ambitious aims, is critical in determining the potential role of biochar in the developing
world.

Many scientific and socio-economic questions remain unanswered regarding the cost-effectiveness of biochar as a carbon mitigation option with agronomic benefits, in particular:
· What types of biomass are most suitable for conversion to biochar, using what conversion technologies, and what are the most cost-effective supplies of such biomass (taking account of local / regional competition for biomass and other constraints)?
· What is the permanency of elemental biochar carbon in different
soil types and conditions?
· What is the optimal balance between energy production and
biocharproduction in different contexts and assuming different values
for a tonne of carbon abatement?
· What are the agronomic benefits/disadvantages of biochar for a
range of crops, soil types and growing conditions?
· What explains the beneficial/harmful impacts of biochar upon
agronomic productivity?
· How does biochar addition influence fertiliser use and the fate of
existing organic carbon?
· What are the effects of biochar on N20 and CH4 emissions and on
nutrient run-off?
· What kind of policy initiatives and/or financial mechanisms will
be needed to support biochar production and use, if and where its use proves
to be beneficial?

Several scientists as well as policy researchers have been examining these issues all around the world, including individuals and groups in India. The consultation is aimed at bringing the researchers together on one platform for a broad discussion on the above and other related issues.

The consultation is being conducted as a part of the project Biochar for
Carbon Reduction, Sustainable Agriculture and Soil Management (*BIOCHARM*) funded by APNGCR and supported by UKBRC, UK.

There is no registration fee for the consultation and accommodation and local hospitality will be provided free of cost. The participants have to bear their own travel expenses. Partial travel assistance may be offered in exceptional cases, depending on the availability of the budget. Maximum 50 participants can be accommodated due to logistical limitations, and registration will be on first come, first served basis.

The participants will get an opportunity to give 15-20 min presentation on their own work related to biochar – field research and/or policy research as the case may be, and will be expected to actively participate full time in group discussions over the two days of the consultation. For interested participants, a field visit will be arranged to ARTI’s research station at Phaltan, Dist Satara, to see on-field demonstrations of biochar production techniques being developed by ARTI.

Last Date for Registration: November 1, 2010

Please leave a comment for more information and a registration form.

Press coverage for workshop in India

October 19, 2010

PresscoverageIndia

Two cover the workshop (one in Marthi – the local language), and one is a more general piece about ARTI and climate change.

Online workshop – registration open

October 18, 2010

Biochar; the potential in Asia Pacific?
Monday 24th – Friday 29th October 2010

Online workshop hosted by Appropriate Rural Technology Institue – India and the UK Biochar Research Centre, University of Edinburgh.

Please join us for an online discussion on biochar, covering technology, use and policy with a focus on the poverty alleviation potential of gasification cook stoves. Registration is now open (http://www.hedon.info/BiocharUKBRC), and registration will close on Friday 22nd October. The workshop is suitable for project developers, cook stove producers and distributors, academics, policy makers and those with climate change / carbon offset interest.

This workshop is funded by the APN – the Asia Pacific Network for Climate Change (www.apn-gcr.org).

For more information see: http://biocharm.wordpress.com/eworkshop/

Other versions of the Anila stove…

July 21, 2010

I’ve recently had some communication with the Anila Kenya online group.

One project in Kenya ‘Household lead Research and Development of biomass based pyrolysis stove and testing of the efficacy of char in different ecological zones in Kenya‘ has similar aims to this biochar Innovation project, and part of it has involved the production of an improved design of the Anila stove.

This stove is called the FFUD Upepo, and one of the major differences is the addition of a chimney, and it also has air outlets at the top (as opposed to them being at the bottom).

For more information see:
http://shalinry.org/stoveandterrapre.html
http://www.facebook.com/album.php?aid=10073&id=102193099816244&op=6

If anyone knows of a source of the Anila stove in India, please get in touch with http://biocharinnovation.wordpress.com.